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ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT

“Development has always been a kind of collective delusion

—Gilbert Rist”

Learning Objectives

  • To understand the evolution of the concept of development and its difference from underdevelopment.
  • Identify different paradigms and practices of development including smart growth.
  • Understand the place of environment in the success indicators of development.

The government of Canada offered a bilateral aid to India during the early 1970s for a hydroelectric project in Idukki district, Kerala state (Fig. 1.1). This was a developmental project for producing 780 MW of hydroelectric power, which would provide electricity for the state’s industrial needs. The technology for the dam construction in Periyar River and ...

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