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Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers by James G. Speight

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Chapter 2

Organic Chemistry

Abstract

Although a good deal is already known about the influence of molecular structure on the toxicity to human beings of drugs and certain other chemicals, much less is known about the influence of molecular structure on the environmental persistence of a chemical. The study of chemical effects in the environment resolves itself into a study of (1) the levels of a substance accumulating in air, water, soils including sediments and biota, including man, and (2) when the threshold action-level has been reached, effects produced in biota which constitute a significant adverse response (i.e., environmental dose-response curve). In order to predict trends in levels of a chemical, much more information is needed ...

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