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Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers by James G. Speight

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Chapter 3

Industrial Organic Chemistry

Abstract

The chemical process industries play an important role in the development of a country by providing a wide variety of products and use raw material derived from petroleum and natural gas, salt, oil and fats, biomass and energy from coal, natural gas and a small percentage from renewable energy resources. Although manufacture of organic chemicals initially started with coal and alcohol from fermentation industry, later due to availability of petroleum and natural gas which dominated the scene, now more than 90% of organic chemicals are produced from petroleum and natural gas routes. However, rising cost of petroleum and natural gas and continuous decrease in the reserves has spurred the chemical ...

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