Biodiversity and its Conservation


After studying Unit IV, students will be able to:

  • Define biodiversity and explain the need for its conservation.
  • Identify and define genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
  • Explain the biogeographical classification of India.
  • List the values of diversity.
  • Describe consumptive use and productive use.
  • Identify the social, ethical, aesthetic and optional values of biodiversity.
  • Describe biodiversity at the global, national and local levels.
  • Define hotspots in diversity and explain why India is a megadiversity nation.
  • Identify and describe threats to biodiversity, such as habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man–wildlife conflicts and list some endangered and endemic species of India. ...

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