Head Clearnce
Envelope
Eyellipse
Maximum
Reach
Minimum
Reach
Driver’s Foot
on Accelerator
Seating
Reference Point
Rear Passenger
Foot
Driver’s Torso Back
Seat Track
Travel
Vision Lines
20 Deg.
Minimum
Horizontal
Field
Must see ground < 61m (200 ft)
SgRP
Sitting Height (10-11)
Eye Height (12-13)
Shoulder Height (14)
Knee Height (18)
Elbow Height (15)
Thigh
Height (12)
Buttock to
Popliteal (22)
Buttock to Knee (21)
Ergonomics & Human Factors
ERGONOMICS
in
the
Automotive
Design Process
Vivek D. Bhise
Bhise
Ergonomics in the Automotive
Design Process
Ergonomics in the Automotive
Design Process
K11963
ISBN: 978-1-4398-4210-2
9 781439 842102
9 0 0 0 0
The auto industry is facing tough competition and severe economic constraints.
Their products need to be designed “right the first time” with the right combinations
of features that not only satisfy the customers but continually please and delight
them by providing increased functionality, comfort, convenience, safety,
and craftsmanship. Based on the author’s over forty years of experience as a human
factors researcher, engineer, manager, and teacher who has conducted numerous
studies and analyses, Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process covers
the entire range of ergonomics issues considered while designing a car or
truck and provides evaluation techniques to avoid costly mistakes and assure
high customer satisfaction.
The book begins with the definitions and goals of ergonomics, historic background,
and ergonomics approaches. It covers human characteristics, capabilities, and
limitations considered in vehicle design in key areas such as anthropometry, biome-
chanics, and human information processing. It then examines how the driver and the
occupants are positioned in the vehicle space and how package drawings and/or
computer-aided design models are created from key vehicle dimensions used in the
automobile industry. The author describes design tools used in the industry for occu-
pant packaging, driver vision, and applications of other psychophysical methods. He
covers important driver information processing concepts and models and driver
error categories to understand key considerations and principles used in designing
controls, displays, and their usages, including current issues related to driver
workload and driver distractions.
The author has included only the topics and materials that he found to be useful
in designing car and truck products and concentrated on the ergonomic issues
generally discussed in the automotive design studios and product development
teams. He distills the information needed to be a member of an automotive
product development team and create an ergonomically superior vehicle.

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