Gouache or tempera has been used since medieval times, at which time it
was known as temple paint. It is often confused with watercolors, since both
techniques are applied in a similar manner. The difference, however, is that
gouache is heavier and more opaque. It is applied using layers and veils (diluted).
And, in contrast with watercolors, the darker tones can be applied first or over
these the lighter ones or even white. This means that despite its matte finish, it
is the perfect technique for illustrating reflections and intense highlights for
elements like glasses, jewelry, gems, or metals. It dries quite quickly and, once
dried, errors can be corrected by superimposing layers, bearing in mind that if
the layer is too thick it may crack. The materials used for this technique are: a
heavy paper, recipients with water, a palette for mixing the colors, and brushes
of different thickness, depending on the level of detail that needs to be achieved.
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Loreto Binvignat
Originally from La Serena, Chile, she lived in several cities during her childhood—
both inside and outside of the country—giving her a more open vision of the
world. On returning to Chile, she finished high school and studied art at the
Pontificia Universidad Católica, which marked the beginning of her artistic
career, and hopes of continuing her training in New York or Europe. After two
years, she moved to the Dominican Republic to study fashion design in the Altos
de Chavón School, affiliated to the Parsons School of Design in New York. After
the first term, she decided to continue her studies in Barcelona, graduating at
the Istituto Europeo di Design (IED). Today she works as a fashion designer for
an international company and as a freelance illustrator.
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Loreto Binvignat
A light pencil (HB or less)
is used to draw the top, so
that this does not dominate
the drawing. All the details
are drawn, and for the gems
it is recommended one draw
the faces of each stone, in
order to follow the forms
and highlights when coloring.
The blue base color of the
top is painted with a thick
brush. The advantage of
the gouache is that if the
result is not even, it can be
corrected by adding one or
more layers afterward. The
base color of the skin is also
applied in this step, which
will be finished off later.
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Top with Gems
Color is applied to the base
where the strip of gems will
be, which are then evenly
painted. With a very fine
brush, the highlights are
added to different parts of
each stone, depending on
the direction of the light. Last,
the main folds and shading
are marked with gray.
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Loreto Binvignat
The shirt is drawn in pencil.
In the ribbed area it is not
necessary to draw all the
creases but rather to synthesize
and mark only some of them.
It is recommended that one
make some blacker than others
to create depth. This will serve
as a guide when it comes to
applying color.
With a reasonably thick
brush, the first layers of
each color are applied, with
the gouache very diluted in
water, thus obtaining a lighter
tone for each color. This
is done flatly and evenly
without consideration for
the light or shading.
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