which can be described, for linear axle characteristics, as

${F}_{y}={Y}_{\beta}\xb7\beta =-({C}_{\alpha 1}+{C}_{\alpha 2})\xb7\beta $

The value of *x*_{NS} follows from equilibrium of moments around the vehicle CoG:

${x}_{\mathrm{NS}}=\frac{a\xb7{F}_{y1}(\beta )-b\xb7{F}_{y2}(\beta )}{{F}_{y1}(\beta )+{F}_{y2}(\beta )}$

In case of linear axle characteristics,

${x}_{\mathrm{NS}}=\frac{a\xb7{C}_{\alpha 1}-b\xb7{C}_{\alpha 2}}{{C}_{\alpha 1}+{C}_{\alpha 2}}=\frac{{N}_{\beta}}{{Y}_{\beta}}$ (5.43)

Let us investigate what occurs for linear axles if the neutral steer point ...

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