Chapter 17Estimating Programming or Coding

Programming or coding presents an interesting challenge to software cost estimators. As this edition is being written in 2007, the total number of known programming languages and dialects in the software industry exceeds 600. There are probably another 100 or so proprietary languages created for use in specific companies but unknown outside of them.

These languages range in power from very low-level assembly languages to very high level languages such as APL and Smalltalk. There are also “quasi-languages” that allow certain kinds of programming to be performed via things like buttons and pull-down menus. Visual Basic is an example of such a hybrid language that mixes up conventional code statements ...

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