Barriers and obstacles
Although women managers have high levels of education and a desire to progress in their careers, few achieve the same status or salary as their male counterparts; men managers are more likely than women managers to be better paid, to be in more secure employment, to be on higher grades, to be less stressed, to be older at each responsibility level, and to have not experienced prejudice and sexual discrimination. (Broadbridge and Hearn, 2008)
This chapter focuses on the various possible barriers and obstacles to career progression. It is complemented by the next chapter, which considers the specific issue of the ‘glass ceiling’. Having identified the main types of barrier and obstacle, each is considered ...