What Are Procedures?

The Anatomy of a Directive Lesson

The Lesson Introduction

The Supporting Topics

The Task Steps

Performance Support for Procedures

Reference Support for Procedural Tasks

What Can Go Wrong With Procedural Training?



Teaching Procedures

• Give the learner immediate feedback.

• Break down the task into small steps.

• Repeat the directions as many times as possible.

• Work from the most simple to the most complex tasks.

• Give positive reinforcement.

—Technology of Teaching (Skinner, 1968)

Sound familiar? These instructional prescriptions were written in the 1960s by Skinner, the father of behaviorist ...

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