1. Explain LR parsers. What are its components?
Ans: LR parsers are efficient bottom-up parsers for a large class of context-free grammars. An LR parser is a non-backtracking shift-reduce parser in which ‘L’ indicates that they scan input from left to right and ‘R’ indicates that they construct a rightmost derivation in reverse. LR parsing is a method for syntactic recognition of programming languages. It makes use of tables to determine when a rule is complete and which additional tokens must be read from the source string. The term LR(k) can also be used to represent LR parser, where k indicates the number of input symbols of lookahead that are used in making parsing decision. Only the cases where the value of k is either ...