Nature abhors a vacuum. Taking advantage of the financialisation of business and everyday life, banks moved to fill the gap.

In the film Ferris Bueller’s Day Off, an economics teacher, played by Ben Stein, launches into an improvised soliloquy, asking his apathetic students whether anyone has seen the ‘Laffer Curve’. He asks if anyone knows what Vice-President George Bush Senior called this in 1980. No one knows. ‘Something-d-o-o economics. “Voodoo” economics.’

The 1930s Hollywood film White Zombie incorrectly associated voodoo, African beliefs syncretised with Christianity, with exotic superstitions and occult practices. Unscrupulous practitioners ...

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