(Ray)
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:50
014-051_12427.indd 50014-051_12427.indd 50 5/30/09 8:48:29 AM5/30/09 8:48:29 AM
American look: style created in
the United States after World War II,
based on the creation of collections
made up of combinable garments,
intended for mass reproduction for
the general public.
Aristocratic fashion: fashion based
on ornamentation, in which the male
figure is dominant. It appears in the
period beginning in the second half
of the fourteenth century and lasting
until the middle of the nineteenth
century.
Barthélémy Thimmonier: inventor
of the sewing machine (1830).
Boutique: small clothing store.
Casualwear: dress style that
emphasizes comfort and personal
expression.
Centennial fashion: fashion in
which women are the centerpiece,
featuring haute-couture designs. It
appears in the second half of the
nineteenth century and lasts until the
1960s.
Charles Frederick Worth: creator
of haute couture.
Claire McCardell: designer who
inspired the American look following
World War II.
Couturier: clothes designer.
Denim: a fabric originally used in
the production of work clothes, and
today a sector unto itself within the
fashion industry.
Fédération Française de la
Couture, du Prêt-à-porter des
Couturiers et des Créateurs de
Mode:
regulatory organization of
haute-couture fashion shows.
Gamesou: original name for
a tracksuit, the result of the
combination of the word “Gamard”
and the phonetics of sweater.
Haute couture: system of fashion
production and communication that
came into existence in the second
half of the twentieth century, the
main objective of which is to custom-
dress women.
GLOSSARY
50
|
FIELD GUIDE: HOW TO BE A FASHION DESIGNER
(Ray) Text
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:50
014-051_12427.indd 50014-051_12427.indd 50 5/30/09 8:48:29 AM5/30/09 8:48:29 AM
D
esigner
Page:50
(Ray)
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:51
014-051_12427.indd 51014-051_12427.indd 51 5/30/09 8:48:38 AM5/30/09 8:48:38 AM
Just in time: new garments sent
to stores every two weeks for
repositioning of stock.
New York Stock Exchange
Crash:
the most devastating fall in
the equities market in the history
of the Stock Market, in October of
1929.
Open fashion: current fashion,
in which both men and women
demonstrate great interest in their
appearance, coinciding with the rise
of consumer society.
Prêt-à-porter: also called “ready
to wear,” mass production with the
added value of “fashion.”
“Ready to wear:” see Prêt-à-porter.
Savoir-faire: know-how, practical
knowledge concerning a material.
Sportswear trilogy: T-shirt,
tracksuit, and athletic shoes.
Streetwear: dress style
characterized by a young urban
aesthetic, based on elemental
garments.
Sumptuary laws: laws that limit
luxury and excessive expense. In the
period of aristocratic fashion, they
were applied in order to codify the
manner of dressing of each social
strata, reserving the distinction of
luxury to the upper class.
Tailoring: making, repairing, or
alteration of men’s garments.
Uomo singolare: literally “singular
man;” refers to the individual that
constructs his character in the
staging of different roles combined
into one, characteristic of the
Renaissance.
GLOSSARY
|
51
D
esigner
Page:50
(Ray) Text
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:51
014-051_12427.indd 51014-051_12427.indd 51 5/30/09 8:48:38 AM5/30/09 8:48:38 AM
(Ray)
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:52
052-053_12427.indd 52052-053_12427.indd 52 5/30/09 8:51:50 AM5/30/09 8:51:50 AM
(Ray) Text
(05-12427) Job:05-12424 Title:RP-Field Guide-How to be a Fashion Designer
#175 Dtp:221 Page:52
052-053_12427.indd 52052-053_12427.indd 52 5/30/09 8:51:50 AM5/30/09 8:51:50 AM

Get Field Guide: How to be a Fashion Designer now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.