Critical Mass

The microprocessor has brought electronics into a new era. It is altering the structure of our society.

–Robert Noyce and Marcian Hoff, Jr. “History of Microprocessor Development at Intel,” IEEE Micro, 1981

images/images-by-chapter/chapter-1/Hoff.jpg
Figure 11. Ted Hoff Marcian “Ted” Hoff led the design effort for Intel’s first microprocessor.

(Courtesy of Intel Corp.)

In early 1969, Intel Development Corporation, a Silicon Valley semiconductor manufacturer, received a commission from a Japanese calculator company called Busicom to produce chips for a line of its calculators. Intel had the credentials: it was a Fairchild spinoff, and its president, Robert Noyce, had helped ...

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