CHAPTER
9
Discount Yield
The previous chapters looked at the equations for compound interest and its
related topics: present value, annuity certain, bond price, and the future value
of an annuity. This chapter looks at discount yield and how to compute prices
using discount yield. It shows the equation for price, given discount yield and
some examples of securities traded using discount yield, especially United
States Treasury bills. It develops the equation for bond equivalent yield, and
shows why bond equivalent yield is important and where it is used.
United States Treasury bills (T-bills) are arguably the most important short-
term securities issued anywhere in the world, and possibly the most impor-
tant securities of any sort issued anywhere. You should know about T-bills,
how they are quoted, issued, and traded. You should understand how to
compare T-bill discount yields with the bond yield that we studied in the
first chapters of this book. We use T-bills as the example for discount yield
calculations.
When you finish this chapter, you should understand the definition of dis-
count yield, how to compute price from discount yield, the relation between
discount yield and bond equivalent yield, when and why you should use bond
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