This chapter introduces the reader to how ornithopters currently reside in our world, from where they were conceived, and where they are headed. First, the current design market for unmanned air vehicles is discussed, followed by the niche that ornithopters fill. Then current knowledge on the design, aerodynamics, vehicle dynamics, and feedback control is summarized. The chapter ends with defining a path for the contributions presented in this manuscript.
state of the art
1.1 Background and motivation
Unmanned air vehicles (UAVs), or aircraft without on-board pilots, are proliferating into many sectors of society and have the potential to significantly impact daily life. Enabled by ...