Book description
The Chemical Engineer's Practical Guide to Contemporary Fluid Mechanics
Since most chemical processing applications are conducted either partially or totally in the fluid phase, chemical engineers need a strong understanding of fluid mechanics. Such knowledge is especially valuable for solving problems in the biochemical, chemical, energy, fermentation, materials, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, polymer, and wasteprocessing industries.
Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition, with Microfluidics and CFD, systematically introduces fluid mechanics from the perspective of the chemical engineer who must understand actual physical behavior and solve realworld problems. Building on a first edition that earned Choice Magazine's Outstanding Academic Title award, this edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the field's latest advances.
This second edition contains extensive new coverage of both microfluidics and computational fluid dynamics, systematically demonstrating CFD through detailed examples using FlowLab and COMSOL Multiphysics. The chapter on turbulence has been extensively revised to address more complex and realistic challenges, including turbulent mixing and recirculating flows.
Part I offers a clear, succinct, easytofollow introduction to macroscopic fluid mechanics, including physical properties; hydrostatics; basic rate laws for mass, energy, and momentum; and the fundamental principles of flow through pumps, pipes, and other equipment. Part II turns to microscopic fluid mechanics, which covers
Differential equations of fluid mechanics
Viscousflow problems, some including polymer processing
Laplace's equation, irrotational, and porousmedia flows
Nearly unidirectional flows, from boundary layers to lubrication, calendering, and thinfilm applications
Turbulent flows, showing how the k/ε method extends conventional mixinglength theory
Bubble motion, twophase flow, and fluidization
NonNewtonian fluids, including inelastic and viscoelastic fluids
Microfluidics and electrokinetic flow effects including electroosmosis, electrophoresis, streaming potentials, and electroosmotic switching
Computational fluid mechanics with FlowLab and COMSOL Multiphysics
Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition, with Microfluidics and CFD, includes 83 completely worked practical examples, several of which involve FlowLab and COMSOL Multiphysics. There are also 330 endofchapter problems of varying complexity, including several from the University of Cambridge chemical engineering examinations. The author covers all the material needed for the fluid mechanics portion of the Professional Engineer's examination.
The author's Web site, www.engin.umich.edu/~fmche/, provides additional notes on individual chapters, problemsolving tips, errata, and more.
Table of contents
 About This eBook
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Dedication Page
 Contents
 Preface

Part I: Macroscopic Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
 1.1. Fluid Mechanics in Chemical Engineering
 1.2. General Concepts of a Fluid
 1.3. Stresses, Pressure, Velocity, and the Basic Laws
 1.4. Physical Properties—Density, Viscosity, and Surface Tension
 1.5. Units and Systems of Units
 1.6. Hydrostatics
 1.7. Pressure Change Caused by Rotation
 Problems for Chapter 1
 Chapter 2. Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances
 Chapter 3. Fluid Friction in Pipes
 Chapter 4. Flow in Chemical Engineering Equipment

Chapter 1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Part II: Microscopic Fluid Mechanics
 Chapter 5. Differential Equations of Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 6. Solution of ViscousFlow Problems
 6.1. Introduction
 6.2. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Rectangular Coordinates
 6.3. Alternative Solution Using a Shell Balance
 6.4. Poiseuille and Couette Flows in Polymer Processing
 6.5. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates
 6.6. Solution of the Equations of Motion in Spherical Coordinates
 Problems for Chapter 6

Chapter 7. Laplace’s Equation, Irrotational and PorousMedia Flows
 7.1. Introduction
 7.2. Rotational and Irrotational Flows
 7.3. Steady TwoDimensional Irrotational Flow
 7.4. Physical Interpretation of the Stream Function
 7.5. Examples of Planar Irrotational Flow
 7.6. Axially Symmetric Irrotational Flow
 7.7. Uniform Streams and Point Sources
 7.8. Doublets and Flow Past a Sphere
 7.9. SinglePhase Flow in a Porous Medium
 7.10. TwoPhase Flow in Porous Media
 7.11. Wave Motion in Deep Water
 Problems for Chapter 7

Chapter 8. BoundaryLayer and Other Nearly Unidirectional Flows
 8.1. Introduction
 8.2. Simplified Treatment of Laminar Flow Past a Flat Plate
 8.3. Simplification of the Equations of Motion
 8.4. Blasius Solution for BoundaryLayer Flow
 8.5. Turbulent Boundary Layers
 8.6. Dimensional Analysis of the BoundaryLayer Problem
 8.7. BoundaryLayer Separation
 8.8. The Lubrication Approximation
 8.9. Polymer Processing by Calendering
 8.10. Thin Films and Surface Tension
 Problems for Chapter 8

Chapter 9. Turbulent Flow
 9.1. Introduction
 9.2. Physical Interpretation of the Reynolds Stresses
 9.3. MixingLength Theory
 9.4. Determination of Eddy Kinematic Viscosity and Mixing Length
 9.5. Velocity Profiles Based on MixingLength Theory
 9.6. The Universal Velocity Profile for Smooth Pipes
 9.7. Friction Factor in Terms of Reynolds Number for Smooth Pipes
 9.8. Thickness of the Laminar Sublayer
 9.9. Velocity Profiles and Friction Factor for Rough Pipe
 9.10. BlasiusType Law and the PowerLaw Velocity Profile
 9.11. A Correlation for the Reynolds Stresses
 9.12. Computation of Turbulence by the k/ε Method
 9.13. Analogies Between Momentum and Heat Transfer
 9.14. Turbulent Jets
 Problems for Chapter 9

Chapter 10. Bubble Motion, TwoPhase Flow, and Fluidization
 10.1. Introduction
 10.2. Rise of Bubbles in Unconfined Liquids
 10.3. Pressure Drop and Void Fraction in Horizontal Pipes
 10.4. TwoPhase Flow in Vertical Pipes
 10.5. Flooding
 10.6. Introduction to Fluidization
 10.7. Bubble Mechanics
 10.8. Bubbles in Aggregatively Fluidized Beds
 Problems for Chapter 10
 Chapter 11. NonNewtonian Fluids

Chapter 12. Microfluidics and Electrokinetic Flow Effects
 12.1. Introduction
 12.2. Physics of Microscale Fluid Mechanics
 12.3. PressureDriven Flow Through Microscale Tubes
 12.4. Mixing, Transport, and Dispersion
 12.5. Species, Energy, and Charge Transport
 12.6. The Electrical Double Layer and Electrokinetic Phenomena
 12.7. Measuring the Zeta Potential
 12.8. Electroviscosity
 12.9. Particle and Macromolecule Motion in Microfluidic Channels
 Problems for Chapter 12
 Chapter 13. An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics and Flowlab
 Chapter 14. COMSOL (FEMLAB) Multiphysics for Solving Fluid Mechanics Problems
 Appendix A. Useful Mathematical Relationships
 Appendix B. Answers to the True/False Assertions
 Appendix C. Some Vector and Tensor Operations
 Index
 The Authors
Product information
 Title: Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers with Microfluidics and CFD, Second Edition
 Author(s):
 Release date: September 2005
 Publisher(s): Pearson
 ISBN: 9780132442329
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