Book description
The Chemical Engineers Practical Guide to Fluid Mechanics: Now Includes COMSOL Multiphysics 5
Since most chemical processing applications are conducted either partially or totally in the fluid phase, chemical engineers need mastery of fluid mechanics. Such knowledge is especially valuable in the biochemical, chemical, energy, fermentation, materials, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, polymer, and wasteprocessing industries.
Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers: with Microfluidics, CFD, and COMSOL Multiphysics 5, Third Edition, systematically introduces fluid mechanics from the perspective of the chemical engineer who must understand actual physical behavior and solve realworld problems. Building on the book that earned Choice Magazines Outstanding Academic Title award, this edition also gives a comprehensive introduction to the popular COMSOL Multiphysics 5 software.
This third edition contains extensive coverage of both microfluidics and computational fluid dynamics, systematically demonstrating CFD through detailed examples using COMSOL Multiphysics 5 and ANSYS Fluent. The chapter on turbulence now presents valuable CFD techniques to investigate practical situations such as turbulent mixing and recirculating flows.
Part I offers a clear, succinct, easytofollow introduction to macroscopic fluid mechanics, including physical properties; hydrostatics; basic rate laws; and fundamental principles of flow through equipment. Part II turns to microscopic fluid mechanics:
Differential equations of fluid mechanics
Viscousflow problems, some including polymer processing
Laplaces equation; irrotational and porousmedia flows
Nearly unidirectional flows, from boundary layers to lubrication, calendering, and thinfilm applications
Turbulent flows, showing how the k method extends conventional mixinglength theory
Bubble motion, twophase flow, and fluidization
NonNewtonian fluids, including inelastic and viscoelastic fluids
Microfluidics and electrokinetic flow effects, including electroosmosis, electrophoresis, streaming potentials, and electroosmotic switching
Computational fluid mechanics with ANSYS Fluent and COMSOL Multiphysics
Nearly 100 completely worked practical examples include 12 new COMSOL 5 examples: boundary layer flow, nonNewtonian flow, jet flow, die flow, lubrication, momentum diffusion, turbulent flow, and others. More than 300 endofchapter problems of varying complexity are presented, including several from University of Cambridge exams. The author covers all material needed for the fluid mechanics portion of the professional engineers exam.
The authors website (fmche.engin.umich.edu) provides additional notes, problemsolving tips, and errata.
Register your book for convenient access to downloads, updates, and/or corrections as they become available. See inside book for details.
Table of contents
 Cover Page
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Dedication
 Contents
 Preface

Part I: Macroscopic Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics
 1.1 Fluid Mechanics in Chemical Engineering
 1.2 General Concepts of a Fluid
 1.3 Stresses, Pressure, Velocity, and the Basic Laws
 1.4 Physical Properties—Density, Viscosity, and Surface Tension
 1.5 Units and Systems of Units
 1.6 Hydrostatics
 1.7 Pressure Change Caused by Rotation
 Problems for Chapter 1
 Chapter 2. Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances
 Chapter 3. Fluid Friction in Pipes
 Chapter 4. Flow in Chemical Engineering Equipment

Chapter 1. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Part II: Microscopic Fluid Mechanics
 Chapter 5. Differential Equations of Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 6. Solution of ViscousFlow Problems
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 Solution of the Equations of Motion in Rectangular Coordinates
 6.3 Alternative Solution Using a Shell Balance
 6.4 Poiseuille and Couette Flows in Polymer Processing
 6.5 Solution of the Equations of Motion in Cylindrical Coordinates
 6.6 Solution of the Equations of Motion in Spherical Coordinates
 Problems for Chapter 6

Chapter 7. Laplace’s Equation, Irrotational and PorousMedia Flows
 7.1 Introduction
 7.2 Rotational and Irrotational Flows
 7.3 Steady TwoDimensional Irrotational Flow
 7.4 Physical Interpretation of the Stream Function
 7.5 Examples of Planar Irrotational Flow
 7.7 Uniform Streams and Point Sources
 7.8 Doublets and Flow Past a Sphere
 7.9 SinglePhase Flow in a Porous Medium
 7.10 TwoPhase Flow in Porous Media
 7.11 Wave Motion in Deep Water
 Problems for Chapter 7

Chapter 8. BoundaryLayer and Other Nearly Unidirectional Flows
 8.1 Introduction
 8.2 Simplified Treatment of Laminar Flow Past a Flat Plate
 8.3 Simplification of the Equations of Motion
 8.4 Blasius Solution for BoundaryLayer Flow
 8.5 Turbulent Boundary Layers
 8.6 Dimensional Analysis of the BoundaryLayer Problem
 8.7 BoundaryLayer Separation
 8.8 The Lubrication Approximation
 8.9 Polymer Processing by Calendering
 8.10 Thin Films and Surface Tension
 Problems for Chapter 8

Chapter 9. Turbulent Flow
 9.1 Introduction
 9.2 Physical Interpretation of the Reynolds Stresses
 9.3 MixingLength Theory
 9.4 Determination of Eddy Kinematic Viscosity and Mixing Length
 9.5 Velocity Profiles Based on MixingLength Theory
 9.6 The Universal Velocity Profile for Smooth Pipes
 9.7 Friction Factor in Terms of Reynolds Number for Smooth Pipes
 9.8 Thickness of the Laminar Sublayer
 9.9 Velocity Profiles and Friction Factor for Rough Pipe
 9.10 BlasiusType Law and the PowerLaw Velocity Profile
 9.11 A Correlation for the Reynolds Stresses
 9.12 Computation of Turbulence by the k–∊ Method
 9.13 Analogies Between Momentum and Heat Transfer
 9.14 Turbulent Jets
 Problems for Chapter 9
 Chapter 10. Bubble Motion, TwoPhase Flow, and Fluidization
 Chapter 11. NonNewtonian Fluids

Chapter 12. Microfluidics and Electrokinetic Flow Effects
 12.1 Introduction
 12.2 Physics of Microscale Fluid Mechanics
 12.3 PressureDriven Flow Through Microscale Tubes
 12.4 Mixing, Transport, and Dispersion
 12.5 Species, Energy, and Charge Transport
 12.6 The Electrical Double Layer and Electrokinetic Phenomena
 12.7 Measuring the Zeta Potential
 12.8 Electroviscosity
 12.9 Particle and Macromolecule Motion in Microfluidic Channels
 Problems for Chapter 12
 Chapter 13. An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics and Ansys Fluent

Chapter 14. Comsol Multiphysics for Solving Fluid Mechanics Problems
 14.1 COMSOL Multiphysics—An Overview
 14.2 The Steps for Solving Problems in COMSOL
 14.3 How to Run COMSOL
 14.4 Variables, Constants, Expressions, and Units
 14.5 Boundary Conditions
 14.6 Variables Used by COMSOL
 14.7 Wall Functions in TurbulentFlow Problems
 14.8 Streamline Plotting in COMSOL
 14.9 Special COMSOL Features Used in the Examples
 14.10 Drawing Tools
 14.11 Fluid Mechanics Problems Solvable by COMSOL
 14.12 Conclusion—Problems and Learning Tools
 Problems
 Quick Guide to Tools in This Chapter
 Appendix A. Useful Mathematical Relationships
 Appendix B. Answers to the True/False Assertions
 Appendix C. Some Vector and Tensor Operations
 General Index
 Comsol Multiphysics Index
 The Authors
Product information
 Title: Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers: with Microfluidics, CFD, and COMSOL Multiphysics 5
 Author(s):
 Release date: July 2017
 Publisher(s): Pearson
 ISBN: 9780134712956
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