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Foam Patterning and Construction Techniques by Mary McClung

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The term scale or scaling means to increase or reduce the size of a pattern or shape. The goal of this step is to determine how big you want the finished piece to be and, therefore, how many times you will need to multiply the sculpted positive to reach the desired size.

It is sometimes possible to make the positive sculpt the same size as the finished piece. Therefore no scaling of the pattern is necessary because the pattern pieces you cut off the sculpt will be the actual size of the real pattern pieces. However, when patterning big items such as costume characters, big ...

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