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Fossil Fuel Emissions Control Technologies

Book Description

An expert guide to emission control technologies and applications, Fossil Fuels Emissions Control Technologies provides engineers with a guide to link emission control strategies to available technologies, allowing them to choose the technology that best suits their individual need.  This includes reduction technologies for Nitrogen Oxides, Sulfur Oxides, Mercury and Acid Gases. In this reference, the author explains the most critical control technologies and their application to real-world regulatory compliance issues. Numerous diagrams and examples emphasizing pollution formation mechanisms, key points in pollutant control, and design techniques are also included.

  • Provides numerous diagrams and examples to emphasize pollution formation mechanisms
  • Coverage of critical control technologies and their application to real-world solutions
  • Explains Sulfur Oxides, Acid Gases, Nitrogen Oxides Formation and Organic HAPs, Control and Reduction Technologies
  • Covers Particulate Matter and Mercury Emissions Formation and Reduction Technologies

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1 Organization of this book
    2. 1.2 Overview of energy usage in the United States
    3. 1.3 Fossil fuel usage in boilers for heat and power production
    4. 1.4 Characteristics and composition of fossil fuels
    5. 1.5 Air emissions from fossil fuel usage
    6. References
  8. 2. Federal regulations and impact on emissions
    1. 2.1 History of legislative action for fossil fuel-fired stationary heat and power plants
    2. 2.2 Air quality and emissions trends
    3. References
  9. 3. Particulate formation and control technologies
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Particle formation and characterization
    3. 3.3 Mechanisms of particulate collection
    4. 3.4 Particulate control technologies
    5. 3.5 Economics of particulate matter control
    6. References
  10. 4. Sulfur oxides formation and control
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Chemistry of sulfur oxide (SO2/SO3) formation
    3. 4.3 Sulfur dioxide control
    4. 4.4 Techniques to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions
    5. 4.5 Economics of flue gas desulfurization
    6. References
  11. 5. Nitrogen oxides formation and control
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 NOx formation mechanisms
    3. 5.3 NOx control technologies
    4. 5.4 Economics of NOX reduction/removal
    5. References
  12. 6. Mercury emissions reduction
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Mercury in fossil fuels
    3. 6.3 Mercury chemistry
    4. 6.4 Mercury emissions from stationary heat and power systems
    5. 6.5 Technologies for mercury control
    6. 6.6 Cost estimates to control mercury emissions
    7. References
  13. 7. Formation and control of acid gases, and organic and inorganic hazardous air pollutants
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Environmental and health effects of organic and inorganic hazardous air pollutants
    3. 7.3 Trace elements/hazardous organic compounds/halogens in fossil fuels
    4. 7.4 Formation and emissions of acid gases
    5. 7.5 Formation and emissions of organic compounds
    6. 7.6 Characteristics and emissions of trace elements
    7. 7.7 Control technologies
    8. 7.8 Economics of control technologies
    9. References
  14. 8. Greenhouse gas – carbon dioxide emissions reduction technologies
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Environmental and health effects
    3. 8.3 Greenhouse gas emissions
    4. 8.4 CO2 capture/reduced emissions technologies
    5. 8.5 Transport of CO2
    6. 8.6 CO2 storage
    7. 8.7 Economics of CO2 capture and storage
    8. 8.8 Monitoring, verification, accounting, and assessment
    9. References
  15. Appendix A. Regional definitions
  16. Appendix B. Fossil fuel-fired emission factors
    1. B.1 Coal-fired emission factors
    2. B.2 Fuel oil emission factors
    3. B.3 Natural gas combustion emission factors
    4. B.4 Liquefied petroleum gas combustion emission factors
    5. B.5 Stationary gas turbines emission factors
  17. Appendix C. Original list of hazardous air pollutants
  18. Index