1 The three scopes of motivation for Buddhist practice were pointed out by the sage and scholar Atīsa Dīpānkara Srijñāna in ‘The Lamp to the Path to Enlightenment’ (Bodhipatha-pradīpa). These include the lower motivation of good rebirths (that of relatively low levels of suffering), the middle motivation of liberation from cyclical existence and the higher motivation of complete and perfect awakening as an omniscient knower.
2 The Buddhist term nirvāṇa is used in two contexts. Its lower scope is freedom from suffering (vimukti) and the higher is perfect and complete awakening (saṃbodhi). Commonality is that both of these states are free from saṃsāra.
3 The distortions that arise when experiencing the truth from various frames of ...