Frontiers in Computer Education Wang (ed.)
© 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-02797-8
Entrepreneurship education research in college and university
based on tacit knowledge theory
Na Chen
Dean’s Office, Shijiazhuang University of Economics, Shijiazhuang, China
XiaoQin Cai
Center for Scholarship Dissemination, Shijiazhuang University of Economics, Shijiazhuang, China
ABSTRACT: This thesis states the tacit knowledge theory and relationship between the tacit knowledge theory
and entrepreneurship education based on the working experience of the author in university and some related
document literature. Then it goes on to discuss the problems of China’s entrepreneurship education research
in colleges and universities in the present stage based on tacit knowledge theory. And it expresses the author’s
opinions on the development of China’s entrepreneurship education research in colleges and universities in terms
of the idea and goal of entrepreneurship education, teaching method, curriculum system, practice platform, and
social support mechanism, etc.
Keywords: Tacit knowledge theory; College and university; Entrepreneurship education
1 INTRODUCTION
From the beginning of the 21st century, China has
begun to implement the entrepreneurship education.
At the present stage, the entrepreneurship education
has been carried out in some considerable scale and
achieved preliminary results. The entrepreneurship
education, a subject with strong practical character-
istic, aims to cultivate the students’ entrepreneurial
ability. The entrepreneurship education has become an
important concept and component of China’s higher
education. How to carry out the entrepreneurship edu-
cation and improve college students’ entrepreneurial
ability has been a hot topic researched extensively
among scholars. Some scholars have reached a con-
sensus in their researches based on tacit knowledge
theory. The exploration of tacit knowledge theory and
the research on it has to some extent promoted the
development of the entrepreneurship education in col-
leges and universities. However, it is not easy to put
the theory into practice. The entrepreneurship educa-
tion research in college and university based on the
tacit knowledge theory need a process to be estab-
lished and implemented. There are still some problems
in the entrepreneurship education research in college
and university.
This thesis attached emphasis to research on prob-
lems of China’s entrepreneurship education in colleges
and universities in the present stage based on tacit
knowledge theory. And it presents the author’s opin-
ions on the development of China’s entrepreneurship
education research in colleges and universities in terms
of the concept and goal of entrepreneurship educa-
tion, teaching method, curriculum system, practice
platform, and social support mechanism, etc.
2 TACIT KNOWLEDGE THEORY
In 1958, Michael Polanyi, the British physicist and
philosopher, in his “Personal Knowledge”, states for
the first time the tacit knowledge theory. Polanyi
believed the human knowledge could fall into two cat-
egories: the first category is called explicit knowledge,
which could be described by written words, chart and
mathematical for mula and could be combined, stored,
looked for again and converted into related practice
by different mechanism. It is characterized by normal-
ization and systematization. It is easy to communicate
and share with people that explicit knowledge.Another
category, which is called tacit knowledge, is rooted
in individual and his mental model. By contrast with
the former, it is difficult to be code and communi-
cate with. Technical, restricted by circumstances, it
belongs to personal experience which is hard to share
with others. Highly personal and hard to standardized
are characteristics of tacit knowledge.
Compared with the explicit knowledge, it is difficult
to clearly express or to formulate the tacit knowl-
edge. By some ways, it can be put into words. It is
a highly personal knowledge which is individual and
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