Frontiers in Computer Education Wang (ed.)
© 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-02797-8
Policy on education equity in different places at college entrance examination
Chunyu Zhang
North China Electric Power University, Baoding, Hebei, China
Yixiao Wang
Xinlian College of Henan Normal University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China
ABSTRACT: On the orders of the central government, the policies being successively issued by local govern-
ments about the children of migrant workers could take the examination locally. Meanwhile, there have been
heated debates in society. This paper, from the perspective of education justice, analyses the problem of migrant
students taking college entrance exams in cities, evaluates the existing the questions, highlights the relevant
policies promulgated by the government over the years, and compares them with each other to present some
problems that need to be addressed. In so doing it puts forward the countermeasures of perfecting the system.
Keywords: Migrant students sitting college entrance exams in cities, Education justice, Reform of college
entrance examinations
Since the restoration of college entrance examinations
in 1978, the college entrance examination system has
been accompanied by an equal and fair value concept,
and it is under continuous innovation and develop-
ment. With the development of society’s economy,
the rural surplus labour force has been flowing into
the cities in recent years. The number of the chil-
dren of migrants is increasing, the problem of their
education has become a social problem and an educa-
tional conundrum. The refor m of the national college
entrance examination system is becoming a hot topic
in the field of education. After years of research and
exploration, the migrant students taking the college
entrance exam in cities policy of China has finally
been put into action, many provinces have already
launched the policies, such as Henan, Hebei, Liaon-
ing, Jilin, Beijing, Shanghai, Shandong, Xinjiang, etc.
These policies appear to have solved the immediate
problems, but behind the policies, the true justice prob-
lem have not been addressed. This paper, from the
perspective of education justice, evaluates the exist-
ing migrant students taking college entrance exams in
cities system, in order to promote further reform to
achieve relative fairness.
Following the principles of equality and fairness, our
migrant students taking the college entrance exams in
cities system has passed through a succession of devel-
opments and has realized the transformation from
theories to practice. Some eliminate the bar rier about
the household registration restrictions on education
fairness, and ensure the education rights of the children
of migrant workers, show the equity and justice of col-
lege entrance examination. But we have to admit that
in our current system there still exist some unfair and
unjust problems, which would have a bad influence on
2.1 The migrant students sitting the college
entrance exams in cities policies are unfair in
different regions
The ministry of education cannot solve the problem
on their own anyway. This issue needs collaborative
efforts of all social parties. In the face of practical
problems, the ministry of education will have to pro-
mote the migrant students taking the college entrance
exams in cities system. With years of reform, the
government followed the principles of fairness and
efficiency. Along with the ministry of education pro-
gressively liberalizing rights, it not only has brought
vitality into the state and society, but it has also
reduced a lot of responsibility of the central gov-
ernment. The ministry of education asks the local
government to issue new college entrance examination
policies which adapt to circumstances. But without a
clear guiding reform plan, it just places the awful bur-
den on local governments, which is unfair on the local

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