10  A Model of Test Score Interpretation

Connections With Other Chapters

The familiar idea of a test score interpretation was introduced in chapter 1. Chapter 9 considered the basic tenets that (a) validity is sufficient for test interpretation and use and (b) validity involves only a restricted range of evidence and found them jointly inadequate. A theory of validity can embrace either of these tenets, but not both. Moreover, careful unpacking of a number of relevant arguments suggests that values are deeply embedded and fundamental to the validation process. Validation involves evaluating tests according to some normative standard, and any such scientific judgment involves implicit values. Validity and valuation are joined at the hip. Finally, ...

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