Biomass and agricultural residues for energy generation

Eija Alakangas     VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, Jyväskylä, Finland


The properties of solid biofuels discussed in this chapter are based on both literature published in this field and research carried out at VTT. The main properties of the fuels considered in this chapter are calorific value, chemical composition, moisture content, density, ash content, ash melting behaviour and concentrations of harmful substances, such as alkalis and heavy metals. Characteristics of different kinds of fuels, such as wood fuels, and agrobiomass fuels and oils, are presented in comparison tables. The material comprises mainly commercial fuels, which are traded locally (e.g. wood chips, ...

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