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Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications by P Edwards, S Irvine, S Skinner, J Kilner

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16

Proton conductors for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)

E. Traversa and E. Fabbri,     formerly National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan

Abstract:

With the aim of lowering solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operating temperatures, there has been growing interest recently in high-temperature proton conductors (HTPCs). This chapter discusses the basic theory of the proton conduction mechanism in oxides and the reactions occurring at the electrodes when an HTPC electrolyte is used. A critical and comprehensive review of the state-of- the-art HTPC electrolytes is then presented, together with a review of the state of the art in electrodes for application with HTPC electrolytes. SOFC applications for HTPC electrolytes are also reviewed ...

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