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Fundamentals of 5G Mobile Networks by Jonathan Rodriguez

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2The 5G Internet

Evariste Logota,1 Daniel Corujo,1,2 Seil Jeon,1 Jonathan Rodriguez1,2 and Rui L. Aguiar1,2

1 Instituto de Telecomunicações, Aveiro, Portugal

2 University of Aveiro, Portugal

2.1 Introduction

The evolution of Internet technologies has converged towards an all IP packet-switched service [1], which has shaped the way we live, work, learn and play. Today’s Internet delivers a rich palette of services that include, but are not limited to, media entertainment (e.g. audio, video and high-definition online games), personalisation (e.g. haptics, presence-based applications and location-based services) and more sensitive and safety-critical applications (e.g. e-commerce, e-Health, first responders, etc.). According to International Telecommunication Union (ITU) statistics, the global Internet was being reached by more than 2.4 billion users around the world in June 2012, and this is growing further. An Ericsson study is expecting a 40x increase of data traffic from mobile phones and mobile personal computers (PCs)/tablets between 2010 and 2015 [2]. Also, the Cisco forecast of the use of IP networks by 2017 revealed that Internet traffic is evolving from a steadier to a more dynamic pattern. The global IP traffic will correspond to 41 million DVDs per hour in 2017 and video communication will continue to be in the range of 80–90% of total IP traffic [3]. In this context, just about every physical object we see (e.g. clothes, cars, trains, etc.) will also be connected by ...

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