Chapter 5

Wave Energy

Abstract

Similar to wind energy, and in contrast to tidal energy, wave energy is a stochastic form of electricity generation. Although modern forecasts make it possible to predict waves with certainty over relatively short timescales (e.g. 24–48 h), any longer-term planning must rely on statistical trends such as seasonal variability. This is one of the challenges of wave energy conversion, another being the extreme nature of the locations where, by their very nature, the wave climate could be suitable for electricity generation. However, wave energy has huge global potential, and its geographical distribution is generally more diverse than tidal energy, which tends to be confined to a relatively low number of ‘hot spots’ ...

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