Human resource development (HRD) is the systematic and planned practice designed by an organization to enhance employee knowledge, skills, abilities, and attitudes. It begins when an employee is hired and continues throughout the employee's tenure with the organization. The activities, designed for employees at all levels of the career ladder, help direct current and future job demands so that efficient and effective use of valuable resources are maintained. It is centralized or decentralized depending upon the structure and functions of the organization.1
Human resource management (HRM) is the business area that strategically plans and executes human resource functions. It is the utilization of employees joined together ...