Chapter 20 ACOUSTO-OPTICS

  1. 20.1 INTERACTION OF LIGHT AND SOUND
    1. A. Bragg Diffraction
    2. *B. Coupled-Wave Theory
    3. C. Bragg Diffraction of Beams
  2. 20.2 ACOUSTO-OPTIC DEVICES
    1. A. Modulators
    2. B. Scanners
    3. C. Space Switches
    4. D. Filters, Frequency Shifters, and Isolators
  3. *20.3 ACOUSTO-OPTICS OF ANISOTROPIC MEDIA
Image described by caption.
Image described by caption.

Sir William Henry Bragg (1862–1942, left) and Sir William Lawrence Bragg (1890–1971, right), a father-and-son team, were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1915 for their studies of the diffraction of light from periodic structures such as those created by sound.

The refractive index of an optical medium can be altered by the presence of sound. Acousto-optics is the study of how sound modifies the effect such a medium has on light, as schematically illustrated in Fig. 20.0-1. Many useful photonic devices make use of the ability of sound to control light; these include optical modulators, switches, deflectors, filters, isolators, frequency shifters, and spectrum analyzers.

The figure shows a light wave comes through a medium in downward direction and then it goes upwards in the other side of the medium. Inside that medium it interacts with the sound wave and gets modified.

Figure 20.0-1 Sound can modify the effect of an optical medium on light.

Sound is a dynamic strain involving molecular vibrations that takes the form of a wave traveling at a velocity characteristic of the medium ...

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