Chapter 6

Summary: Sticks, Carrots andRoom to Manoeuvre

We want them to own the programme, of course, but they must do what we want. If not, they should get their money elsewhere.’

Senior World Bank official,talking about the Tanzanian Government1

If appropriate aid is put to good use in a satisfactory policy context, and if all the other components of growth are present, the statistical relationship between aid and growth will be positive.’

Robert Cassen et al2

In the early 1990s, Western governments financed an exhaustive study of foreign aid. Its conclusions, summarised in the second of the above quotations, don't exactly set the pulse racing, but they do capture the reality of outside help, and not just foreign aid. There may be little ...

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