Chapter 9. Medium Access Control Games
Medium access control protocols are mechanisms that allow users to access a common medium or channel. Their variants, Aloha, slotted Aloha, and Carrier Sense Multiple Access protocols are used a great deal in communication networks.
Since the transmitters are autonomous decision makers that interact via collisions, the concepts of game theory can be used to analyze access control problems.
In slotted multiple access collision channels, packets can be transmitted if they are synchronized. Aloha networks are a variant of this type. This is modeled as a static game and Pareto-optimal solutions, Nash equilibria, and Stackelberg solutions, along with other game-theoretic constructs which can be derived.