Chapter 9

Properties of Solutions (Colligative Properties)

OBJECTIVES
  1. To state the aim of the chapter Properties of Solutions.
  2. To introduce a few terms useful for this chapter.
  3. To highlight conditions for ideal solutions with examples for ideal solutions and real solutions.
  4. To state properties of solvents such as vapour pressure, boiling point, and freezing point.
  5. To define Raoult’s law and its detailed derivation.
  6. To describe in detail the experiment for the determination of relative lowering of vapour pressure by Ostwald and Walker’s method.
  7. To solve numerical problems associated with Raoult’s law.
  8. To investigate the effect of added non-volatile, non-electrolyte solute on the boiling point of a solvent.
  9. To derive the relationship between ...

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