2Explaining Why Foreign Policy Changed During the Carter Presidency

The fact that the Carter Administration changed its Middle East policy throughout its presidential term is today undeniable. Numerous studies have registered this transformation (c. f., Aronoff, 2006; Auten, 2008; Bliddal, 2011; Garthoff, 1985; Glad, 2009; Kupchan, 1987; Jackson, 2007; Lebow and Stein, 1993; Little, 2008; Nichols, 2002; Njølstad, 1995, 2004; Odom, 2006; Palmer, 1999; Rosati, 1991, 1994; Skidmore, 1996; Smith, 1986; Westad, 1997); hence, I will not devote any additional effort to reinforcing this observation. However, the explanations for such a change have diverged considerably among researchers. Different researchers have tackled the issue using different approaches ...

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