Geography, as a subject, has evolved over time. From the days when the subject was dominated by Greek, Roman and Arab geographers, it has seen widespread development. Today, the discipline has branched out into several branches, such as physical geography, cultural geography, GIS and remote sensing, cartographic techniques, economic geography, social geography, environmental geography, geography of settlements (urban as well as rural), amongst many other branches of geography.
The subject matter has been divided into sub-fields such as geography of rural settlements as well as urban geography. Also, settlement geography cannot be treated in isolation from population geography, as people ...