After introducing some of the basic concepts related to the network interfaces, it is now necessary to examine the routing of data packets inside a FortiGate. Routing is the process of moving data from one network to another. The easiest method to handle routing is to create static routes that define the next step (gateway or hop) towards a given network. A gateway is a networking device that acts as an entrance to another network. It could be directly connected to the remote network or may know a route to the required network and be able to forward the packets to another gateway.
Usually we have two kinds of networks: