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Git: Mastering Version Control by Jakub Narębski, Rasmus Voss, Aske Olsson, Ferdinando Santacroce

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Single revision selection

During development, many times you want to select a single revision in the history of a project, to examine it, or to compare with the current version. The ability to a select revision is also the basis for selecting a revision range, for example a subsection of history to examine.

Many Git commands take revision parameters as arguments, which is typically denoted by <rev> in Git reference documentation. Git allows you to specify specific commits or a range of commits in several ways.

HEAD – the implicit revision

Most, but not all, Git commands that require the revision parameter, default to using HEAD. For example, git log and git log HEAD will show the same information.

The HEAD denotes the current branch, or in other words ...

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