Chapter 8. Three-dimensional plots

This chapter covers

  • Basics of three-dimensional plots
  • Generating surface and contour plots
  • Plotting data from a file

In all the plots that we’ve seen so far, we plotted one variable (y) as a function of another one (x). But what if we want to show how some quantity depends on two independent variables? In other words, how can we best visualize a single “output” variable as a function of two “input” variables?

One approach we can take distinguishes the two input variables into the actual independent variable (x) and one parameter. We can then generate a plot showing y as a function of x, for different values of the parameter, as shown in figure 8.1. There, we plot the function

f(x,a) = 0.5*(x**4)/4! + a*(x**2)/2 ...

Get Gnuplot in Action: Understanding Data with Graphs now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.