After studying this chapter you should understand:
In Chapter 1, we set forth some of the key characteristics that distinguish governments and not-for-profit entities from businesses. We also discussed their implications for accounting and financial reporting. In particular, we noted that governments and not-for-profits use fund accounting. In this chapter we explain the rationale for fund accounting, describe the main types of funds maintained, and examine the relationships among funds.
As noted in Chapter 1, in June 1999 the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) established a new reporting model for state and local governments. In this chapter, we highlight the key features of this current model. We begin by defining and explaining some common elements of financial statements, both fund and government-wide, and also focus on more ...