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Grammar of the Shot, 2nd Edition by Christopher J. Bowen, Roy Thompson

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Lens Focus—Directing the Viewer’s Eye Around Your Frame

We now understand that the framing of a shot is established through camera format, camera angle, camera proximity, and camera lens focal length. The composition of objects and/or subjects within that frame is your creative goal, and you are now staging those elements along the rule of thirds and diagonal lines deep into the frame’s middle ground and background. Utilizing this deep space in your film frame also allows you to unlock an additional tool in your shot construction tool kit—focus.

Your eyes can only focus on one thing at a time. As you look from one place around you to another, your eye instantly changes focus to the new distance of the new object of visual interest. The illusion ...

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