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Grammar of the Shot, 2nd Edition by Christopher J. Bowen, Roy Thompson

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Shooting Ratio

It should be clear that not every frame shot during production makes it into the final edit of the project. Bad takes, beginnings and endings of shots, coverage not required, and overlapping actions not utilized by the editor will end up on the “cutting room floor” (an expression from film editing days when the unwanted outtakes of the physical strips of emulsion film were thrown on the floor of the edit room). The shooting ratio is the relationship between the amount of footage (film or videotape) recorded during production and the amount of footage that makes it into the final edited piece for viewing by an audience. The overall shooting ratio is represented by two numbers separated by a colon (:). As an example, if you used ...

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