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Green Composites, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Green Composites: Waste-based Materials for a Sustainable Future, Second Edition presents exciting new developments on waste-based composites. New, additional, or replacement chapters focus on these elements, reflecting on developments over the past ten years. Authors of existing chapters have brought these themes into their work wherever possible, and case study chapters that connect materials engineering to the topic's social context are included in this revised edition.

Professor Baillie believes that the new ‘green’ is the "what and who" composites are being designed for, "what" material needs we have, and "what" access different groups have to the technical knowledge required, etc. Industry is now showing concerns for corporate social responsibility and social impact. Recent conversations with prestigious materials institutions have indicated a growing interest in moving into areas of research that relate their work to beneficial social impacts.

The book's example of Waste for Life demonstrates the genre proposed for the case study chapters. Waste for Life adopts scientific knowledge and low-threshold/high-impact technologies.

  • Provides insights into the changes in the Industry, including a greater understanding of noticing that the bottom line is influenced by poor social relations and negative social impact
  • Presents tactics any industry should consider to make engineering part of the solution instead of the problem
  • Includes case study chapters that connect materials engineering in a social context
  • Covers waste green composites, fueling a new direction of research for many Universities

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of contributors
  6. 1. Green composites: Towards a sustainable future?
    1. References
  7. 2. Designing for composites: Traditional and future views
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 The advancement of design thinking
    3. 2.2 Three principles of development
    4. 2.3 An obsolete value system
    5. 2.4 The big challenge
    6. 2.5 How to think about composite materials
    7. 2.6 “High technology is not new”
    8. References
  8. 3. Cellulose fiber/nanofiber from natural sources including waste-based sources
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 The microstructure of plant fibers—kenaf fibers
    4. 3.3 The production, structure, and properties of cellulose nanofiber using a grinder
    5. 3.4 The production, structure, and properties of cellulose nanofiber using other methods
    6. 3.5 The intrinsic mechanical properties of cellulose nanofibers
    7. 3.6 Cellulose nanofiber composites
    8. 3.7 Future trends
    9. References
  9. 4. Natural fiber and hybrid fiber thermoplastic composites: Advancements in lightweighting applications
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Natural fibers in composite manufacturing
    4. 4.3 Natural fiber reinforced thermoplastics composites
    5. 4.4 Developments in the processing of natural fiber reinforced composites
    6. 4.5 Thermoplastic hybrid composites
    7. 4.6 Advanced natural fiber/hybrid fiber composites in lightweighting applications
    8. 4.7 Emerging trend: utilization of waste or recycled fibers in composites
    9. 4.8 Environmental benefits of using lightweight composites and future trends
    10. 4.9 Future trends
    11. Acknowledgments
    12. References
  10. 5. Recycled synthetic polymer fibers in composites
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Polymer sourcing, separation, and purification
    4. 5.3 Fiber production
    5. 5.4 Composite formation
    6. 5.5 Applications
    7. 5.6 Future trends
    8. 5.7 Conclusion
    9. References
  11. 6. Clean production
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Energy saving in the manufacture and production of composites
    4. 6.3 Limiting the environmental impact of processing
    5. 6.4 The use of additives
    6. 6.5 End-of-life disposal strategies
    7. 6.6 Summary
    8. 6.7 Future trends
    9. References
  12. 7. Green composites for the built environment
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction to green construction materials
    3. 7.2 Green matrix materials
    4. 7.3 Green fibers
    5. 7.4 Examples of construction with green composites
    6. 7.5 Thermal conductivity of green building insulation materials
    7. 7.6 Vapor sorption and desorption for climate control—moisture-buffering
    8. 7.7 Photocatalytic coatings for control of VOCs and greenhouse gases
    9. 7.8 Social impact of greening the built environment
    10. Acknowledgment
    11. References
    12. Further reading
  13. 8. Engineering with people: A participatory needs and feasibility study of a waste-based composite manufacturing project in Sri Lanka
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Methodology
    4. 8.3 Results
    5. 8.4 Final thoughts
    6. Acknowledgments
    7. References
  14. 9. Nanotechnology and the Dreamtime knowledge of spinifex grass
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 The sacred histories of the Georgina River basin
    4. 9.3 The colonial and postcolonial history of the Georgina River
    5. 9.4 The botany and ecology of spinifex grass
    6. 9.5 Uses of spinifex grasses in the classical Aboriginal tradition
    7. 9.6 Colonial acculturation of spinifex cladding
    8. 9.7 The biomimetic approach to the project—scoping biomaterials
    9. 9.8 The properties of Triodia pungens resin
    10. 9.9 Renewable resource-based polymers and biocomposites
    11. 9.10 Triodia fibers as reinforcement for biocomposite
    12. 9.11 Scientific breakthrough—the investigation of spinifex nanofibers
    13. 9.12 The challenge of sustainable harvesting
    14. 9.13 The role of the Dugalunji Camp in the project
    15. Conclusion
    16. References
  15. Index