1 Present energy demand

Two extremely cold winters in Europe in successive years have done more to increase public cynicism about global warming. Yet there is now evidence of increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Is it because of industrial and transport emissions, which technology has steadily reduced over the years, or rather because the world population has trebled to over six billion since the end of the Second World War, and could reach nine billion by 2050.

Against this background energy demand is bound to increase and it must be done in a way that does not impinge on the other needs of a growing population: the production of more food, potable water, and places to live. It must also be produced in a way which does not make an ...

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