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Symmetry

While everyone can appreciate the appearance of symmetry in an object, it is not so obvious how to classify it. The amide (1) is less symmetric than either ammonia or borane, but which of ammonia or borane – both clearly “symmetric” molecules – is the more symmetric ? In (1) the single N-H bond is clearly unique, but how do the three N-H bonds in ammonia behave ? Individually or as a group ? If as a group, how ? Does the different symmetry of borane mean that the three B-H bonds will behave differently from the three N-H bonds in ammonia ? Intuitively we would say “yes”, but can these differences be predicted ?

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