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Guide: Reporting on an Entity's Cybersecurity Risk Management Program and Controls by American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

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Appendix H

Definitions

This appendix is nonauthoritative and is included for informational purposes only.

For purposes of this guide, certain key terms are defined as follows:

access to personal information. The ability of the data subject to view personal information held by an entity. This ability may be complemented by an ability to update or correct the information. Access defines the intersection of identity and data, that is, who can do what to which data. Access is one of the fair information practice principles. Individuals must be able to find out what personal information an entity has on file about them and how the information is being used. Individuals need to be able to correct erroneous information in such records.

architecture. The design of the structure of a system, including logical components, and the logical interrelationships of a computer, its operating system, a network, or other elements.

authentication. The process of verifying the identity or other attributes claimed by or assumed of an entity (user, process, or device) or the process of verifying the source and integrity of data.

authorization. The process of granting access privileges to a user, program, or process by a person that has the authority to grant such access.

board, board of directors, or directors. Individuals with responsibility for overseeing the strategic direction of the entity and the obligations related to the accountability of the entity. Depending on the nature of the entity, such ...

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