Chapter 10. Integer Division By Constants
On many computers, division is very time consuming and is to be avoided when possible. A value of 20 or more elementary add times is not uncommon, and the execution time is usually the same large value even when the operands are small. This chapter gives some methods for avoiding the divide instruction when the divisor is a constant.
10–1 Signed Division by a Known Power of 2
Apparently, many people have made the mistake of assuming that a shift right signed of k positions divides a number by 2k, using the usual truncating form of division [GLS2]. It’s a little more complicated than that. The code shown below computes q = n ÷ 2k, for 1 ≤ k ≤ 31 [Hop].
shrsi t,n,k-1 Form the integershri t,t,32-k 2**k ...