Installing a single-node cluster - HDFS components
Usually the term cluster means a group of machines, but in this recipe, we will be installing various Hadoop daemons on a single node. The single machine will act as both the master and slave for the storage and processing layer.
You will need some information before stepping through this recipe.
Although Hadoop can be configured to run as root user, it is a good practice to run it as a non-privileged user. In this recipe, we are using the node name
nn1.cluster1.com, preinstalled with CentOS 6.5.
Create a system user named
hadoop and set a password for that user.
Install JDK, which will be used by Hadoop services. The minimum recommended version of JDK is 1.7, but Open JDK can also ...