Any good computer scientist will tell you that the graph data structure is one of the most powerful tools around. Many complex systems are best represented by graphs and a body of knowledge going back at least decades (centuries if you get more mathematical about it) provides very powerful algorithms to solve a vast variety of graph problems. But by their very nature, graphs and their algorithms are often very difficult to imagine in a MapReduce paradigm.
Let's take a step back and define some terminology. A graph is a structure comprising of nodes (also called vertices) that are connected by links called edges . Depending on the type of graph, the edges may be bidirectional or unidirectional and may have weights associated ...