In big data, the most widely used system is Hadoop. Hadoop is an open source implementation of big data, which is widely accepted in the industry, and benchmarks for Hadoop are impressive and, in some cases, incomparable to other systems. Hadoop is used in the industry for large-scale, massively parallel, and distributed data processing. Hadoop is highly fault tolerant and configurable to as many levels as we need for the system to be fault tolerant, which has a direct impact to the number of times the data is stored across.

As we have already touched upon big data systems, the architecture revolves around two major components: distributed computing and parallel processing. In Hadoop, the distributed computing is handled by HDFS, and parallel ...

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