5

Feedstocks and challenges to biofuel development

I.L. García     University Córdoba Edificio Leonardo da Vinci, Campus de Rabanales, Córdoba, Spain

Abstract

This chapter aims to describe current and future trends in bio-based raw materials for liquid biofuel production (biodiesel and bioethanol), with special attention on sustainability criteria and profitability of the raw materials employed. The global distribution of these raw materials is also covered in an important section in this chapter.

Keywords

Biomass; First-generation biofuels; Low-cost biofuels; Second-generation biofuels; Third-generation biofuels

5.1. Introduction

Renewable energy share of global final energy consumption was around 19% in 2011, from which only 0.8% corresponded to biofuels ...

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